Borderline personality disorder makes it difficult for individuals to process and manage their emotions. This personality disorder also includes changes in mood, self-image issues and behavioural changes. In addition, It also gives rise to a feeling of insecurity and instability. Borderline personality disorder symptoms cause an individual to give in to impulsive thoughts; this results in relationship problems with family members, friends, and significant others.
Living with a borderline personality disorder might appear slightly different for those around. These borderline personality disorder symptoms, as described by the National Institute of Mental Health, include:
● Indulging in self-harm, such as cutting
● A pattern of unstable and intense relationships with loved ones
● Avoid abandonment by either leaving an individual first or rushing into a physical or emotional relationship with others.
● Distorted and unstable self-image.
● Impulsive behaviour such as indulging in unsafe sexual acts, splurging sprees, driving recklessly, binging on food or drinks, or others
● Feeling empty all the time.
● Lack of trust and doubt about the intentions of others
● Anger issues include intense, irrational anger that is often uncontrollable.
● A feeling of dissociation from self
● Quick and intense changes in mood
● Suicidal ideation
An individual with a borderline personality disorder may experience a few or all the symptoms; certain people or events also trigger these. The majority of these symptoms overlap with depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. Thus, it is important to visit a mental health professional for a borderline personality disorder test to avoid misdiagnosis. Accurate diagnosis is the first step toward effective treatment.
Mental health professionals equipped to diagnose borderline personality disorder include:
● Clinical social worker
These mental health p[rofessional will typically diagnose borderline personality disorder through:
● Ask about one’s symptoms and other things pertinent to one's physical and psychological health.
● Ask about family history and past mental health conditions.
Diagnosing borderline personality disorder is challenging because it usually co-occurs with depression and anxiety. Also, there are no borderline personality disorder tests that can support the diagnosis.
A mental health professional may recommend medication, psychotherapy or inpatient treatment at a health and wellness centre.
Psychotherapy typically is the primary borderline personality disorder treatment. The following types of therapies could be advised-
● Cognitive behavioural therapy helps an individual recognise and change negative behaviours, beliefs and inaccurate perceptions one has about themselves and those around them. It also teaches an individual a healthy coping style to deal with triggers.
● Dialectical behaviour therapy helps individuals identify, intellectualise and accept their behaviours and beliefs. One can even learn to respond better to others.
● Schema-focused therapy helps an individual view themselves and the world around them in a positive manner.
Medications help alleviate the symptoms of borderline personality disorders. A combination of medication and psychotherapy improves mood and reduces depression. Commonly prescribed medications include:
● Antidepressants for the treatment of depression
● Antipsychotics for the treatment of aggressive symptoms
● Anti Anxiety medicines for the treatment of anxiety
One of the most important steps one can take is seeking a timely borderline personality disorder and sticking by it. If you feel the treatment is not working for you at any point, discuss the alternate options with your mental health professional.