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Depressants and their Affect on the body

What are depressants?

Depressants decrease excitement and arousal. They hinder the central nervous system's ability to function, which slows down communication between the brain and body. They are the pharmaceuticals that are most commonly used worldwide. Consumption of antidepressants carries the risk of addiction. These medications work by impacting the CNS's neurons (nerve cells), which causes symptoms like relaxation, sleepiness, reduced inhibition, anesthesia, insomnia, coma, and even death.

Commonly used depressants

Depressants are commonly used as medicines prescribed by doctors to treat certain diseases and disorders.

The commonly used depressants are -

Ethyl alcohol - The most popular psychoactive drug in the world after caffeine is alcohol. Alcohol has a great potential for abuse while being a legal drug.

Barbiturates - Barbiturates, also known as "downers," are a class of CNS depressants that, when used sparingly, produce feelings of euphoria and relaxation.

Benzodiazepines - A class of CNS depressant known as benzodiazepines has sedative, muscle-relaxing, antidepressant, and sleep-inducing properties. Benzodiazepines have been utilized as a short-term treatment for insomnia and anxiety issues due to their low toxicity and strong efficacy. But the potential for long-term dependence can result in addiction.

How depressants affects your body

Increasing the action of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric (GABA) acid helps the CNS depressants in functioning well. GABA transmits information from one cell to another, just like other neurotransmitters. GABA’s activity is increased, which lowers brain activity and has a calming effect. This is why taking depressants may make you feel sleepy.

In addition to making people feel sleepy or drowsy, depressants frequently cause the following side effects:

  • Reduction in blood pressure
  • Bewilderment or disorientation
  • Dizziness
  • lack of cooperation
  • Memory loss
  • Breathing and heart rate decline

People who initially start taking depressants frequently feel excessively sleepy until their bodies become used to the medication.

Symptoms of depressant -

No amount of drug use is safe. Every drug use entails some danger. It is crucial to be cautious even while using depressants as medication otherwise it can lead to arousal of symptoms.

Short term effects of depressants include-

  • Low pulse and breathing rate
  • Fatigue
  • Lowered blood pressure
  • Lack of concentration
  • Loss of decision making
  • Fatigue
  • Feeling lightheaded
  • Slurred speech
  • Feverish
  • Visual impairment
  • Constricted pupils
  • Difficulty in urinating

Long term effects of depressants include-

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • chronic fatigue
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Insomnia
  • Panic behavior
  • Chronic Heart diseases
  • Lower Kidney function
  • Diabetes
  • Weight gain

Withdrawal symptoms of depressants include -

  • Agitation
  • Insomnia
  • Nausea
  • Weakness
  • Agitation
  • Hallucinations
  • Rise in body temperature
  • Restlessness
  • Seizures
  • Shaking

Get help for addiction from Simran shri rehabilitation centre

If you know a loved one who is suffering from drug addiction then suggest you should take professional assistance right away. At Simran Shri Rehabilitation Centerwe offer all comprehensive addiction treatment programmes which help in faster recovery of your loved ones. You can choose the treatment plan by visiting our branch that is closest to you. We also have our rehabilitation center at sonipat. Contact us now and give your loved ones and addiction free life.

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