Depressants decrease excitement and arousal. They hinder the central nervous system's ability to function, which slows down communication between the brain and body. They are the pharmaceuticals that are most commonly used worldwide. Consumption of antidepressants carries the risk of addiction. These medications work by impacting the CNS's neurons (nerve cells), which causes symptoms like relaxation, sleepiness, reduced inhibition, anesthesia, insomnia, coma, and even death.
Depressants are commonly used as medicines prescribed by doctors to treat certain diseases and disorders.
The commonly used depressants are -
Ethyl alcohol - The most popular psychoactive drug in the world after caffeine is alcohol. Alcohol has a great potential for abuse while being a legal drug.
Barbiturates - Barbiturates, also known as "downers," are a class of CNS depressants that, when used sparingly, produce feelings of euphoria and relaxation.
Benzodiazepines - A class of CNS depressant known as benzodiazepines has sedative, muscle-relaxing, antidepressant, and sleep-inducing properties. Benzodiazepines have been utilized as a short-term treatment for insomnia and anxiety issues due to their low toxicity and strong efficacy. But the potential for long-term dependence can result in addiction.
Increasing the action of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric (GABA) acid helps the CNS depressants in functioning well. GABA transmits information from one cell to another, just like other neurotransmitters. GABA’s activity is increased, which lowers brain activity and has a calming effect. This is why taking depressants may make you feel sleepy.
In addition to making people feel sleepy or drowsy, depressants frequently cause the following side effects:
People who initially start taking depressants frequently feel excessively sleepy until their bodies become used to the medication.
No amount of drug use is safe. Every drug use entails some danger. It is crucial to be cautious even while using depressants as medication otherwise it can lead to arousal of symptoms.
Short term effects of depressants include-
Long term effects of depressants include-
Withdrawal symptoms of depressants include -
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